electromagnets – When an electric current flows in a wire, it creates a magnetic field around the wire. This effect can be used to make an electromagnet. A simple electromagnet comprises a length of wire turned into a coil and connected to a battery or power supply.
[fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”]
You can make an electromagnet stronger by doing these things:
wrapping the coil around a piece of iron (such as an iron nail)
adding more turns to the coil
increasing the current flowing through the coil
There is a limit to how much current can be passed safely through the wire because the resistance of the wire causes heating.
Dr Yan makes a powerful electromagnet by wrapping copper wire around pieces of iron and attaching a small battery
Electromagnets have some advantages over permanent magnets. For example:
they can be turned on and off
the strength of the magnetic field can be varied
These properties make electromagnets useful for picking up scrap iron and steel in scrapyards.
An electromagnet being used in a scrapyard
The magnetic field of an electromagnet
The magnetic field around an electromagnet is just the same as the one around a bar magnet. It can, however, be reversed by reversing the current (turning the battery around).[/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]